November 29, 2011

Top 5 Causes of Back Pain

Woman's backThe back is made up of a series of bones which make up the spinal column along with nerves, fluids, muscles and more. There are many different reasons why you might end up having a pain in your back. Of the many different reasons, there are five causes of back pain which top the list. This is because of their normality in occurrence. Knowing these causes will help you to find a solution to the pain you are experiencing.

1.   Injuries – The most common causes of back pain related to injuries include sprains, strains and spasms. These can occur when you are carrying loads incorrectly, when you twist in the wrong direction or you just have too much weight. Other causes of injuries include poor posture and lifting incorrectly. Paying better attention to the support you give you back as well as how much you weigh will help to alleviate this cause.

2.    Osteoarthritis – This is also known by doctors as ‘wear and tear’ arthritis because it occurs over time. This is one of the common causes of back pain because it happens too often in those who have gone the majority of their life enduring strenuous activity or by being overweight. The cushion in between the bones in the spins will decrease and diminish until the bones literally grind against each other.

3.    Herniated Disk – This is a condition which can cause extreme back pain because of pinched nerve cause by the disk in the spine to herniate. This amounts to a rupture which will push the nerve into a place where it can be pinched. This can also affect the sciatic nerve which will cause more pain in the lower back, buttocks and upper thighs.

4.    Osteoporosis – Aging has a deteriorating effect on the bones. Calcium is lost over time and once strong bones become brittle and weak. This is one of the causes of back pain because through normal activity or heavy lifting you can experience compression fractures which will cause an immense amount of pain. One way to protect against this is to make sure to consume calcium through different sources so that you will have stronger bones for longer.

5.    Serious Health Problems – Often causes of back pain will not be able to be prevented at home by taking more vitamins. This is because there is a decent possibility that there are further underlying problems which can cause you to suffer from back pain. This includes problems like diabetes and serious infections. This is just one of the reasons why it is of the utmost importance to see your doctor immediately.

No matter what the causes of your back pain are, it seems that by being careful in daily activities, maintaining proper weight levels and eating the right foods you will be able to reduce your risk of back pain. Make sure that if you do feel chronic back pain for a week or more that you consult your doctor. They will be able to help you find a solution.

The Causes of Rib Pain

rib painWhen it comes to rib pain causes, there are many people that find themselves worried about the symptoms, as through the ribs there are locations of essential organs. Learning the cause of certain rib pains and aches can help to quell the difficulties and worries that come along with experiencing pain throughout the chest cavity.

Muscle Strain
Muscle strain is one of the most common causes of rib pain that you should consider while experiencing pain through the chest cavity. Pain through the chest cavity can be caused by strain through the shoulder area, as well as through the entire chest area. Through the pain that can be caused by muscle strain, symptoms can persist for upwards of three to four weeks. It is important to treat the muscle pain with natural remedies to reduce the over medicating that can occur for these types of injuries.

Anxiety
Anxiety is one of the common causes of rib pain. Through the many signs and symptoms that are associated with anxiety and tightness within the chest that can present as rib pain is one of the most common symptoms that is associated with anxiety. Taking the time to practice deep breathing as well as other relaxation techniques can be one of the most effective ways to reduce the rib pain that is associated with anxiety.

Pneumonia
Pneumonia is one of the most common causes of rib pain. Through the condition, where the pain is persistent and can last for up to two months before the diagnosis is made there is often an ache in the chest which can be associated with a cough and other symptoms of an infection within the body. As one of the most common symptoms that is associated with rib pain, it is important to seek medical attention in the case that you are experiencing rib pain that is combined with coughing and other symptoms that are comparable with an infection.

There are many types of lung infections and many other types of infections that can develop into pneumonia and for this reason it is important to seek proper medical treatment for these infections.

Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a common condition that can affect up to three million men and women throughout the country and can cause pain through the rib cage. The condition can affect the joints and the bones and cause stiffness and weakness but also pain and aches through the affected areas. Most often the other joints are first affected before the bones of the rib cage begin to experience the pain that can be seen.

Learning the causes of rib pain can be an effective way to ensure that you get the right diagnosis for the pain that is associated with the rib cage. Through the various conditions that can cause rib pain it is important to learn the cause that is plausible for the pain in order to make the correct diagnosis. It is important to take into account the rib pain, but also take into account the other symptoms that are associated with the rib pain when making the diagnosis.

The Causes of Delayed Menstrual Cycle Symptoms

Are you trying to determine the symptoms of a delayed menstrual cycle? There are many causes of delayed menstrual cycle. Some of the leading causes include: malnutrition, stress, and even breast feeding from the physiological processes and hormone changes that are occurring in the body. Through the changes which can occur in the body, there are many systems which can be affected and the menstrual cycle can be delayed for many other reasons than pregnancy.

Here are some of the common explanations that are available for delayed menstrual cycles in women:

Breastfeeding
Breastfeeding changes the physiology of the hormones in the body and although the body may still enter the phase of ovulation, it can change the process of menstruation in the body.

Malnutrition and Weight Loss
Malnutrition and weight loss are one of the leading causes of delayed menstrual cycle symptoms. In these cases, the body loses an extreme amount of body fat and therefore the process of menstruation is stopped. In most cases, once the body mass is in balance, menstruation can continue.

Alternatively, being overweight can also trigger a change in the hormones and therefore can change the menstrual cycle.

Stress
Stress is one of the leading causes of a delayed menstrual cycle. When the body enters a period of stress, the hormones, as well as many other components in the body are altered and this may include the hormones which are responsible for signaling the menstrual cycle. Therefore, at times of extreme stress, or even if you are susceptible to stress, you may experience a delayed menstrual cycle.

Medications
There are many types of medications that can cause interruption in the hormone cycle. In the case that you are experiencing disruption through the menstrual cycle.

Menopause
Menopause is one of the leading causes of a delayed menstrual cycle symptoms. Through menopause, the hormones which are responsible for the menstrual cycle are reduced and becoming lower in concentration through the body and therefore the menstrual cycle is not only delayed, but eventually stops completely.

Pregnancy
Through pregnancy, there is no menstrual cycle, as the body stops releasing egg since ovulation has resulted in fertilization. In the case that you are more than five days late for your cycle and sexually active, it is important to obtain a pregnancy test, to rule out pregnancy. Once you have ruled out pregnancy, you can make an appointment with your physician to determine the cause of the delayed menstrual cycle.

It is important to remember that there are many causes of delayed menstruation, rather than pregnancy. Learning these causes can help you to rule out various conditions and illnesses to illustrate the reason that the menstrual cycle has been delayed.

If you are unable to rule out any of these causes, it is recommended that you schedule a visit with your health care provider. Scheduling a visit can help to find the cause of the delayed menstrual cycle through the use of diagnostic testing measures, including lab work and other types of tests.

Ear Infection : Causes And Treatments

Ear infection is one of the nagging and painful diseases in the world. You cannot hear properly, there is continuous headache or pain in the ear or there may be nausea and vomiting. Ear infection is also very common in children. As there are three parts in our ears – the external ear, middle ear and the inner ear – ear infection is also categorized according to these parts.

External ear is comprised of the pinna (fan shaped part, extreme end of the ear), the ear canal and the tympanic membrane. Ear infection in the external ear is called ‘Otitis externa’. This is the commonest type of ear infection. There is inflammation of either the pinna or the canal of the ear. Bacterial infection is common for both the child and adult age group. There may be fungal infection (candidial infection) of the skin of the ear canal (Otomycosis). This is an extremely painful condition of the ear; even pressing the outer ear can cause severe pain (diagnostic point). Swimmers can be affected frequently by the bacteria present in contaminated water. Ear wax can lead to outer ear infection, if gets impacted and secondarily infected by bacteria.

Ear infection involving the middle ear is called ‘Otitis media’. This is common in early childhood. There is a connection from the nasopharynx and the middle ear called ‘Eustachian tube’. This maintains the barometric pressure balance between the ear and the outer environment. In any case, if bacteria or virus can get entry to the middle ear through this tube, it can cause severe damage. The acute otitis media is mainly seen in children and is viral in origin. It usually follows if a child has recurrent upper respiratory tract infection. It is self-limiting and does not cause much harm. But sometimes the infection can reach to the meninges (outer covering of the brain matter) producing meningitis. It is a life threatening condition.

In children, effusion can be present in the middle ear infection and can be seen through examination of the tympanic membrane. This condition is called ‘Glue ear’ or secretory otitis media. This is again viral in origin.

The most dangerous ear infection is, by far, the chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). It may be associated with perforation of the tympanic membrane causing deafness. Spread of the infection to the meninges may cause meningitis and extension to the small bones present in the middle ear cavity (maleus, incus and stapes) will produce pain and some degree of deafness.

Infection of the inner ear is not very common compared to the external and the middle ear cavity. However, ear infection can do occur in the cochlea and the vestibular apparatus present in the inner ear. Inner ear infection usually follows infection in either the external or the middle ear.

Pain in the ear is typically present in all otitis externa, but not always in otitis media. There may be some degree of deafness in both the occasions, which again depends upon the severity and place of ear infection. It is usually associated with different degrees of fever, body ache, nausea and vomiting. Ear infection in a child can make him irritable and crying.

Diagnosis is dependent upon complains and investigations like clinical examination of the ear, X-ray PNS and skull, CT scan and MRI scan of the head and neck.

Treatment of ear infection is done by antibiotics and proper pain killers. The choice of antibiotic will vary depending upon the suspected cause of infection.